What are ordinal numbers? It’s not a word you hear often – ordinal. It is in fact, a very common thing. Where cardinal numbers represent *quantity*, ordinal numbers represent *position* or *rank*.

And the most common everyday use of ordinal numbers is dates.

After you have mastered cardinal numbers it’s very important to not skip the ordinals, or **Ordningstal** as we say in Swedish. So let’s get started. Listen to the video and repeat after each number.

**1st – 20th**

1 - 20 | |||
---|---|---|---|

första | first | elfte | eleventh |

andra | second | tolfte | twelfth |

tredje | third | trettonde | thirteenth |

fjärde | fourth | fjortonde | fourteenth |

femte | fifth | femtonde | fifteenth |

sjätte | sixth | sextonde | sixteenth |

sjunde | seventh | sjuttonde | seventeenth |

åttonde | eighth | artonde | eighteenth |

nionde | ninth | nittonde | nineteenth |

tionde | tenth | tjugonde | twentieth |

**ABOVE TWENTY**

Well that’s the hard part over, to go higher simply add the ordinal with the multiple of 10.

21st– tjugoförsta37th– trettiosjunde417th– fyrahundrasjuttonde

And so on.

**SHORTHAND**

In english we place a * st, nd, rd* or

*(ie. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th) after the numeral but in Swedish it’s a little different. We use either*

**th****:a**or

**:e**. As you can see from the table

**:a**is only used on 1st & 2nd the rest take a

**:e**. (and any higher numbers ending in either 1st or 2nd ie.

**91st**=

**91:a**)

1 - 20 | |||
---|---|---|---|

1st | 1:a | 11:e | 11th |

2nd | 2:a | 12th | 12:e |

3rd | 3:e | 13th | 13:e |

4th | 4:e | 14th | 14:e |

5th | 5:e | 15th | 15:e |

6th | 6:e | 16th | 16:e |

7th | 7:e | 17th | 17:e |

8th | 8:e | 18th | 18:e |

9th | 9:e | 19th | 19:e |

10th | 10:e | 20th | 20:e |

## Conversation in Focus

Now we have everything we need to talk about dates and more in Swedish.

Here is a simple dialogue showing a sample use-case of ordinal numbers.

Jag skulle vilja boka ett bord för två. Klockan åtta.

Jag absolut, vilket datum?

På fredag, den **sjunde**, tack.

Ja det går bra, vi ses på fredag, hej då!

Tack snälla, hej då.

**TIPS !**

One important thing to note is how the Swede’s refer to the** centuries** – **århundraden**.

In english the 18th century, as you know, refers to the 1700’s. (The seventeen hundreds)

This is exactly how we say it in swedish.

18th century– 1700-talet21st century– 2000-talet

Well that’s it for ordinal numbers!